The history of Dialysis and Kidney Transplantation in Edinburgh

From EdREN, the website of the Renal Unit of the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh

Structure of these pages: click on any of the links on the timeline below to go directly to information on that topic. There are also pages on specific areas listed below. Text in black concerns worldwide developments. Text in red concerns Edinburgh.

Haemodialysis

Peritoneal dialysis

Kidney Transplantation

Early history of RRT
Edinburgh: haemodialysis I (ARF)
Edinburgh: haemodialysis II (CRF)

Early history
PD in Edinburgh

Early history
Transplantation in Edinburgh

 

Haemodialysis

 

Peritoneal dialysis

 

Kidney Transplantation
1913 First attempted human haemodialysis 1923 First human peritoneal dialysis
1943 First effective haemodialysis 1933 First human kidney transplant
1946 Haemodialysis used in UK (but only briefly; reintroduced 1956) 1946 Peritoneal dialysis used for acute renal failure
1950s Dietary management of acute renal failure   1954 First successful renal transplant in Boston
1959 Haemodialysis in Edinburgh for patients with acute renal failure 1959 First successful non-identical twin transplant
1960 Haemodialysis began in Seattle for patients with chronic renal failure 1960 First kidney transplant in UK (at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh)
1961 Second transplant
1962 Haemodialysis in Edinburgh for patients with chronic renal failure 1962 Intermittent peritoneal dialysis for patients with acute renal failure 1962 Third kidney transplant at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh
1967 Home haemodialysis
1968 Opening of the Nuffield Transplant Surgery Unit
1969 New Medical Renal Unit building
1969 Hepatitis outbreak in Edinburgh
1976 Aluminium toxicity in Edinburgh
1979 Poisoning by Cortinarius mushrooms
  1980s Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) for patients with chronic failure
  1995 Opening of the Transplant Unit at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh

Go to Timelines of the World History of RRT

Page by page guide to the history of dialysis and transplantation in Edinburgh
Early history of RRT HD for ARF in Edinburgh HD for CRF in Edinburgh

 Important events

Home haemodialysis  

Premises and machines 

PD in Edinburgh

Transplantation in Edinburgh

Documents
 Diet  Vascular access  Innovations and research
 Staff accounts References, bibliography & resources  Acknowledgements

 

These pages covering the history of nephrology and transplantation in Edinburgh are largely the product of a year 4 medical student project by Dichelle Wong.

 

Go to Timelines of the World History of RRT

Go to the Renal Unit Home page

Go to the EdREN Home page

 

Document created October 2001 by DW/ANT; modified March 2002. Send us comments by emailing Renal@ed.ac.uk